Lifestyle

AI vs. clinical reports: Incidental pulmonary embolism on chest CT

“Potential applications of the AI tool include serving as a second reader to help detect additional iPEs or as a worklist triage tool to allow earlier iPE detection and intervention,” wrote lead investigator Kiran Batra from the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center in Dallas. “Various explanations of misclassifications by the AI tool (both false […]

Lifestyle

Study is first to confirm lead in water causes adverse fetal health outcomes

Lehigh University and Bentley University health economics researchers have published the first study to confirm a causal relationship between lead-in-water and adverse fetal health outcomes. Although many studies have found a correlation between lead exposure and health, a causal link had been lacking in the literature—until now. The researchers, Muzhe Yang, professor of economics at […]

Lifestyle

New AI model for the accurate diagnosis of neoplasia associated with inflammatory bowel disease

The incidence of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)—an intractable disease characterized by chronic inflammation of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract—has increased significantly in Japan. Chronic inflammation associated with IBD often leads to the development of cancer in the colorectal region. For patients who have visible or low-grade dysplasia (abnormal cell growth which may not be malignant), endoscopic […]

Lifestyle

Corrupted proteins in focus: How shape gives rise to variations of fatal brain disease

Prion diseases are incurable, deadly neurological disorders that can affect both humans and animals—including Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease (CJD) in people, Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (also known as Mad Cow Disease) and Chronic Wasting Disease found in deer. Scientists have spent decades working to better understand how prions cause these diseases. But new research from the Case Western […]

Lifestyle

Corticosteroid injections plus exercise ease achilles tendinopathy

In a participant-blinded, physician-blinded, and assessor-blinded randomized clinical trial of patients with Achilles tendinopathy verified by ultrasonography, Finn Johannsen, M.D., from Bispebjerg Hospital in Copenhagen, Denmark, and colleagues evaluated the effect of corticosteroid injection and exercise therapy (48 patients) compared to placebo injection and exercise therapy (52 patients) for patients with Achilles tendinopathy. The researchers […]

Lifestyle

What do bans on abortion mean for people using IVF?

The U.S. Supreme Court ruling that allows states to ban abortion isn’t expected to have an immediate effect on in vitro fertilization, according to an analysis by the nation’s leading reproductive health society. However, the decision to overturn Roe v. Wade opens up a host of knotty moral and ethical questions regarding the storage and […]

Lifestyle

Genetics may affect pregnancy risk factors for offspring neurodevelopmental conditions

Maternal genetic liability to neurodevelopmental conditions is associated with several pregnancy-related factors previously thought to be associated with those conditions, according to a study published online July 6 in JAMA Psychiatry. Alexandra Havdahl, Ph.D., from the Lovisenberg Diaconal Hospital in Oslo, Norway, and colleagues recruited parents from June 1999 to December 2008 as part of […]